In many tumor systems, analysis of cells for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) has helped to clarify the role of tumor suppressor genes in oncogenesis. Two important tumor suppressor genes, p53 and the Ink4a/Arf locus, play central roles in the multistep process of Abelson murine leukemia virus (Ab-MLV) transformation. p53 and the p53 regulatory protein, p19Arf, are required for the apoptotic crisis that characterizes the progression of primary transformed pre-B cells to fully malignant cell lines. To search for other tumor suppressor genes which may be involved in the Ab-MLV transformation process, we used endogenous proviral markers and simple-sequence length polymorphism analysis to screen Abelson virus-transformed pre-B cells for evidence of LOH. Our survey reinforces the role of the p53-p19 regulatory pathway in transformation; 6 of 58 cell lines tested had lost sequences on mouse chromosome 4, including the Ink4a/Arf locus. Consistent with this pattern, a high frequency of primary pre-B-cell transformants derived from Ink4a/Arf +/- mice became established cell lines. In addition, half of them retained the single copy of the locus when the transformation process was complete. These data demonstrate that a single copy of the Ink4a/Arf locus is not sufficient to fully mediate the effects of these genes on transformation.