Low-density lipoprotein susceptibility to oxidation and cytotoxicity to endothelium in sickle cell anemia

J. D. Belcher, P. H. Marker, P. Geiger, A. W. Girotti, M. H. Steinberg, R. P. Hebbel, G. M. Vercellotti

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with sickle-cell anemia exhibit pro-oxidative metabolic perturbations. We hypothesize that because of chronic oxidative stress, plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) from patients with sickle-cell anemia is more susceptible to oxidation. To test this hypothesis, LDL susceptibility to copper-mediated oxidation was measured in 24 patients with sickle-cell anemia and 48 control subjects. Sickle-cell LDL was more susceptible to oxidation than control LDL, measured by a 22% shorter mean lag time between LDL exposure to CuSO4 and conjugated diene formation (97 vs 124 minutes; P = .023). LDL vitamin E, iron, heme, and cholesterol ester hydroperoxide (CEOOH) levels were also measured. LDL vitamin E levels were significantly lower in patients with sickle-cell anemia compared with control subjects (1.8 vs 2.9 mol/mol LDL; P = .025), but there was no correlation with lag time. Pro-oxidant heme and iron levels were the same in sickle-cell and control LDL. LDL CEOOHs were not significantly different in sickle and control LDL (3.1 vs 1.2 mmol/mol of LDL unesterified cholesterol, P = .15), but LDL CEOOH levels were inversely correlated with lag times in patients with sickle-cell anemia (r2 = 0.38; P = .018). The cytotoxicity of partially oxidized LDL to porcine aortic endothelial cells was inversely correlated with lag times (r2 = 0.48; P = .001). These preliminary data suggest that increased LDL susceptibility to oxidation could be a marker of oxidant stress and vasculopathy in patients with sickle-cell anemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-612
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume133
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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