Lubricated Squeezing Flow: A New Biaxial Extensional Rheometer

S. H. Chatraei, Chris Macosko, H. H. Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

220 Scopus citations


Squeezing flow between two disks with lubricated surfaces was found to generate a homogeneous compression or equal biaxial extension in a high viscosity polydimethylsiloxane sample. The apparatus is extremely simple: two steel disks with a central rod to provide alignment and prevent sample slip, an LVDT to measure displacement, and a silicone oil bath. The mass and area of the upper disk provide for a constant force boundary condition. The biaxial viscosity was found to be approximately six times the shear viscosity over biaxial extension rates ∊r from 0.003 to 1.0 s-1. Lubrication could be achieved up to Hencky strains of about 2.5. Some data were also taken on the same polyisobutylene sample used by Stephenson and Meissner in their biaxial stretching study. Agreement was very good.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Rheology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1981


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