TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnetic ordering of antiferromagnets on a spatially anisotropic triangular lattice

AU - Bishop, R. F.

AU - Li, P. H.Y.

AU - Farnell, D. J.J.

AU - Campbell, C. E.

PY - 2010/10/20

Y1 - 2010/10/20

N2 - We study the spin-1/2 and spin-1 J1 - J2′ Heisenberg antiferromagnets (HAFs) on an infinite, anisotropic, two-dimensional triangular lattice, using the coupled cluster method. With respect to an underlying square-lattice geometry the model contains antiferromagnetic (J 1 > 0) bonds between nearest neighbours and competing (J 2′, > ,0) bonds between next-nearest-neighbours across only one of the diagonals of each square plaquette, the same diagonal in each square. In a topologically equivalent triangular-lattice geometry the model has two sorts of nearest-neighbour bonds, with J2' ≡ κJ 1 bonds along parallel chains and with J1 bonds providing an interchain coupling. The model thus interpolates between an isotropic HAF on the square lattice at one extreme (κ = 0) and a set of decoupled chains at the other (κ → ∞), with the isotropic HAF on the triangular lattice in between at κ = 1. For the spin-1/2 J1 - J 2′ model, we find a weakly first-order (or possibly second-order) quantum phase transition from a Néel-ordered state to a helical state at a first critical point at κc1 = 0.80 ± 0.01, and a second critical point at κc2 = 1.8 ± 0.4 where a first-order transition occurs between the helical state and a collinear stripe-ordered state. For the corresponding spin-1 model we find an analogous transition of the second-order type at κc1 = 0.62 ± 0.01 between states with Néel and helical ordering, but we find no evidence of a further transition in this case to a stripe-ordered phase.

AB - We study the spin-1/2 and spin-1 J1 - J2′ Heisenberg antiferromagnets (HAFs) on an infinite, anisotropic, two-dimensional triangular lattice, using the coupled cluster method. With respect to an underlying square-lattice geometry the model contains antiferromagnetic (J 1 > 0) bonds between nearest neighbours and competing (J 2′, > ,0) bonds between next-nearest-neighbours across only one of the diagonals of each square plaquette, the same diagonal in each square. In a topologically equivalent triangular-lattice geometry the model has two sorts of nearest-neighbour bonds, with J2' ≡ κJ 1 bonds along parallel chains and with J1 bonds providing an interchain coupling. The model thus interpolates between an isotropic HAF on the square lattice at one extreme (κ = 0) and a set of decoupled chains at the other (κ → ∞), with the isotropic HAF on the triangular lattice in between at κ = 1. For the spin-1/2 J1 - J 2′ model, we find a weakly first-order (or possibly second-order) quantum phase transition from a Néel-ordered state to a helical state at a first critical point at κc1 = 0.80 ± 0.01, and a second critical point at κc2 = 1.8 ± 0.4 where a first-order transition occurs between the helical state and a collinear stripe-ordered state. For the corresponding spin-1 model we find an analogous transition of the second-order type at κc1 = 0.62 ± 0.01 between states with Néel and helical ordering, but we find no evidence of a further transition in this case to a stripe-ordered phase.

KW - Quantum magnet

KW - coupled cluster method

KW - quantum phase transition

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U2 - 10.1142/S021797921005716X

DO - 10.1142/S021797921005716X

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79551607675

VL - 24

SP - 5011

EP - 5026

JO - International Journal of Modern Physics B

JF - International Journal of Modern Physics B

SN - 0217-9792

IS - 25-26

ER -