Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in children. Although 30% to 50% of children respond to corticosteroids as initial therapy, the optimal initial or second-line therapies have not yet been determined. Newer approaches with combination therapy, novel agents, monoclonal antibodies, and/or cellular therapies show some promise but require prospective well-designed trials that include children to establish their efficacy. This article reviews the clinical presentation, treatment, and practical management guidelines for children with aGVHD.
- Acute GVHD
- Graft-versus-host disease