Maternal hydration status affects renal pelvic-calyceal diameter in pregnancy

Jessica L. Nyholm, Brian C. Brost, William J. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our objective was to evaluate the effect of maternal hydration status on the maternal renal collecting system during the third trimester of pregnancy. Thirty-five patients with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were studied between 28 and 40 weeks of gestation. Ultrasound of the maternal kidneys was performed at baseline and after oral hydration with 1 L of water. Renal pelvic dilation was defined as a mean pelvic-calyceal diameter of > 10 mm. Results were analyzed with the Student paired t test and the McNemar test for comparing correlated proportions; p < 0.05 was considered significant. Prior to hydration, 19 patients (54%) had renal pelvic dilation: 7 on the right side, 2 on the left side, and 10 bilateral. Sixty minutes after hydration, 33 patients (94%) had renal pelvic dilation: 7 on the right side, 1 on the left side, and 25 bilateral. Renal pelvic dilation peaked 60 to 90 minutes after oral hydration. We concluded that hydration status substantially affects maternal renal imaging studies during the third trimester of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-159
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Maternal hydronephrosis
  • Pregnancy
  • Renal pelvic dilation
  • Renal ultrasound

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