Mechanism of all trans-retinoic acid and glucocorticoid regulation of surfactant protein mRNA

Thomas N. George, Olga L. Miakotina, Kelli L. Goss, Jeanne M. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The surfactant proteins (SPs) are required for the normal function of pulmonary surfactant, a lipoprotein substance that prevents alveolar collapse at end expiration. We characterized the effects of cortisol and all trans- retinoic acid (RA) on SP-A and SP-B gene expression in H441 cells, a human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line. Cortisol, at 10-6 M, caused a significant inhibition of SP-A mRNA to levels that were 60-70% of controls and a five- to sixfold increase in the levels of SP-B mRNA. RA alone (10-6 M) had no effect on SP-A mRNA levels and modestly reduced the inhibitory effect of cortisol. RA alone and the combination of cortisol and RA both significantly increased SP-B mRNA levels. RA had no effect on the rate of SP- A gene transcription or on SP-A mRNA stability. Cortisol alone and the combination of cortisol and RA significantly inhibited the rate of SP-A gene transcription but had no effect on SP-A mRNA half-life. RA at 10-6 M had no effect on the rate of SP-B gene transcription but prolonged SP-B mRNA half- life. Cortisol alone and the combination of cortisol and RA caused a significant increase in the rate of SP-B gene transcription and also caused a significant increase in SP-B mRNA stability. We conclude that RA has no effect on SP-A gene expression and increases SP-B mRNA levels by an effect on SP-B mRNA stability and not on the rate of SP-B gene transcription. In addition, the effects of the combination of RA and cortisol were generally similar to those of cortisol alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L560-L566
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume274
Issue number4 18-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998

Keywords

  • H441 cell line
  • Lung
  • Pulmonary surfactant
  • Surfactant protein A mRNA
  • Surfactant protein B mRNA

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