Mechanism of canine cyclic hematopoiesis: The role of prostaglandin E in feedback regulation

W. P. Hammond, R. P. Robertson, D. C. Dale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prostaglandin E inhibits granulocyte-macrophage colony formation in vitro in man and mouse, suggesting that it plays a role in feedback regulation of granulocyte production in vivo. Therefore, we examined the role of PGE in normal canine hematopoiesis and its potential role in the pathogenesis of cyclic hematopoiesis in grey collie dogs. The prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors indomethacin and ibuprofen (10-5 M) increased CFU-C growth to 194 and 160% of control, respectively, while PGE2 addition caused a dose-dependent inhibition of bone marrow CFU-C growth in both normal and grey collie dogs. These concentrations of indomethacin and ibuprofen decreased bone marrow cell elaboration of PGE measured by radioimmunoassay to less than 5% of control values. The levels of PGE in leukocyte conditioned medium prepared from grey collies correlated with the number of monocytes in the conditioning cell suspension (r=0.78, n=10, p<0.05) so that PGE production per monocyte was no different in normal and grey collie dogs. The effect of PGE2 upon CFU-C was to inhibit formation of macrophage, but not neutrophil colony subtypes. These findings make aberrant PGE-mediated inhibition of precursor cells an unlikely mechanism to cause cyclic hematopoiesis, and show that PGE produced by monocytes acts as a feedback inhibitor for precursor cells destined to produce monocytes but not for those destined to form neutrophils.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume14
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1983

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