Mechanisms of energy allocation to reproduction in the cladoceran Daphnia magna Straus

M. C. BRADLEY, D. J. BAIRD, P. CALOW

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    39 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Understanding rules of resource allocation within individuals is helpful in explaining population dynamics. This is particularly the case under the conditions of resource limitation that are commonly experienced by zooplankton. Here, we evaluate assumptions underlying models of resource allocation in Daphnia and test the predictions of two models of response to starvation. We also test the predictions of two simple models concerning the mechanisms of egg provisioning in Daphnia magna. Our results: (1) demonstrate that provisioning is discontinuous, occurring over a discrete period of the instar; (2) support the hypothesis that egg production occurs in a serial fashion; (3) show that Daphnia magna responds to starvation by ceasing egg production but that there is an increase in mean size of eggs provisioned during the instar, prior to starvation; and (4) broadly support predictions that the response of Daphnia to starvation is an instantaneous cessation of reproduction but that there is a time lag before death.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)325-333
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiological Journal of the Linnean Society
    Volume44
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1991

    Keywords

    • Daphnia magna
    • Energy allocation
    • egg size
    • reproduction
    • starvation

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