The neuronal form of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) was generally assumed to be constitutively expressed at a constant level. However, it is now becoming recognized that its expression can be modulated by a number of physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Previously, we reported that nNOS expression is up-regulated after prolonged muscarinic M1 receptor stimulation. In this work, we report that muscarinic receptor activation signals the up-regulation of nNOS via multiple pathways in N1E-115 mouse neuroblastoma cells. These include protein kinase C (PKC) activation, cytosolic calcium mobilization and NO production. Further characterization showed that the half-life of nNOS is slightly, but significantly, increased in agonist-pretreated cells compared with vehicle-treated control cells. Based on these data, it appears that the level of nNOS expression is modulated in a complex manner by a number of mechanisms that include, but might not be limited to, those described here.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by NIH grant NS25743 (EEE) and its supplement (EAC).
- Cellular homeostasis
- Enzyme expression
- Signal transduction