Mediation and moderation of the relationship between intrinsic religiousness and mental health

Andrew P. Tix, Patricia A. Frazier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined specific aspects of individuals' personal strivings as mediators, and religious tradition as a moderator, of the relationship between intrinsic religiousness and mental health. In a sample of 268 university students, the negative relationship between intrinsic religiousness and hostility was mediated by the degree of sanctification within individuals' strivings. The relationships between intrinsic religiousness and both anxiety and depression were moderated by religious tradition, with Catholics' intrinsic religiousness significantly associated with greater anxiety and depression but Protestants' intrinsic religiousness not significantly associated with either of these mental health variables. Implications of these results for future research on religiousness are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-306
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and social psychology bulletin
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Keywords

  • Catholics
  • Goals
  • Mental health
  • Protestants
  • Religion

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