Medieval Visions and Contemporary Hallucinations

Kroll Jerome, Bernard S Bachrach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The hallucinations of 23 patients with predominantly religious themes were compared with descriptions of visions from the Middle Ages. Although there were many points of similarity between the two classes of phenomena, none of the medieval visionaries was identified as mentally ill. The role of cultural norms in determining the attribution of mental illness, and the limitations of Euro-American criteria of psychoses, are discussed in the light of these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-721
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1982

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