Differential centrifugation was used to prepare heavy and light membrane fractions from the seminal plasma of vasectomized men. The two membrane fractions combined contained half of the phosvitin and histone kinase activities but only 7% of the total protein content in vasectomy semen. These two kinase activities as well as phosphorylation of endogenous membrane proteins were optimally stimulated by Mg2+; Mn2+ could effectively substitute for Mg2+ only in endogenous phosphorylation reactions. Neither the phosvitin nor histone kinase responded to cAMP or cGMP, but the histone kinase was strongly inhibited by the heat-stable cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor. The phosvitin kinase was not affected by this inhibitor. The phosphorylation of endogenous proteins in the heavy membrane fraction was not affected by the protein kinase inhibitor but protein phosphorylation in the light membrane fraction was partly (45%) inhibited. The differential effects of increased ionic strength, sulphydryl protecting agents, and the protein kinase inhibitor on protein kinase activity towards lysine-rich histones, phosvitin and endogenous proteins, as well as differential extractability and binding to an anion exchange column of histone kinase and phosvitin kinase activities, indicate that more than one kinase activity is present in these membrane subfractions. Electron microscopic examination showed that there are several kinds of membrane-limited components in vasectomy seminal fluid that vary in size, density, and ultrastructure. The association of type(s) of protein kinase to individual membrane components remains to be established.