Mental health of chinese online networkers under COVID-19: A sociological analysis of survey data

Yang Xiao, Yanjie Bian, Lei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper reports the results of a recent survey of Chinese WeChat networkers (n = 2015, August 2020) about China’s mental health conditions under COVID-19. The purpose of the survey was to measure symptoms of depression, anxiety, and somatization by using a standard 18-item battery and assess how the results were related to an individual’s socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and social capital under an ongoing pandemic. The survey reveals that the pandemic has had a significant impact, as the respondents had more serious mental symptoms when their residential communities exhibited a greater exposure to the spread of the virus. The socioeconomic status of the respondents was negatively associated with the mental symptoms. It modified the impact of COVID-19, and its effect was substantially mediated by measures of lifestyle and social capital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8843
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Science Foundation of China with the grant number 19YJC840047 and by the Social Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province with the grant number 2018G15.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • COVID-19
  • Lifestyle
  • Mental health
  • Social capital
  • Socioeconomic status

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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