Introduction: Swine dysentery caused by Brachyspira hyodysenteriae is a production limiting disease in pig farming. Currently antimicrobial therapy is the only treatment and control method available. Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize the metabolic response of porcine colon explants to infection by B. hyodysenteriae. Methods: Porcine colon explants exposed to B. hyodysenteriae were analyzed for histopathological, metabolic and pro-inflammatory gene expression changes. Results: Significant epithelial necrosis, increased levels of l-citrulline and IL-1α were observed on explants infected with B. hyodysenteriae. Conclusions: The spirochete induces necrosis in vitro likely through an inflammatory process mediated by IL-1α and NO.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was funded by an Utrecht University, Department of Farm Animal Health internal research fund (MC) and a NWO Gravitation project Institute for Chemical Immunology (CB).
- Host-pathogen interactions
- In vitro organ culture
- Nitric oxide
- Swine dysentery