Subendocardial Purkinje fiber (SEPF) have been implicated in the genesis of fatal arrhythmias that occur 24-48 h after infarction but little is known about the metabolic processes involved. Quantitative microchemical and electrophysiological studies were performed on normal and infarcted hearts removed 24 h after coronary artery occlusion. ATP, ADP, AMP, total adenine nucleotide content, phosphocreatine (PCr), and inorganic phosphate in superficial subendocardial Purkinje fibers from infarct preparations decreased ~30% compared with normal preparations. The phosphate potential decreased 45% in the infarct group. Similar changes were observed in adjacent contractile muscle between normals and infarcts. Action potentials of SEPF from infarct hearts had increased automaticity, markedly prolonged action potential durations at 50 and 90% repolarization (APD50 or APD90), but unchanged resting membrane potentials. The decrease in ATP, total adenine nucleotides, and the phosphate potential correlated linearly with APD50 and APD90. No correlation was found between PCr and APD90. This combined biochemical and electrophysiological approach provides a promising new way to further probe the biochemical basis of the abnormal electrical properties of subendocardial Purkinje fibers after myocardial infarction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1987|