This study compared how adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) evaluated unfamiliar peers (i.e., perceptions), as well as how adolescents believed they were evaluated by peers (i.e., metaperceptions). The Perceptions and Metaperceptions Questionnaire was designed to quantify perceptions and metaperceptions following a live interaction. For all adolescents, more positive perceptions of the peer were associated with more positive metaperceptions. Adolescents with ASD exhibited more accurate metaperceptions than did typically developing adolescents. More positive perceptions and metaperceptions were associated with higher levels of observed social competence across groups. Findings extend our understanding of typically and atypically developing adolescents’ impressions of unfamiliar peers and their ability to discern what peers think of them.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding This work was supported by the Marino Autism Research Institute (“Peer Interactions in Children and Adolescents with and without Autism,” PI Henderson); the University of Miami Department of Psychology/Fred C. and Helen Donn Flipse Research Support Fund and Psychology Graduate Student Organization; and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Waisman Center (T32 HD07489 , PI Mailick).
- Autism spectrum disorder
- Social cognition
- Social competence