The microcidal efficiency of a new pelleting process was evaluated in four trials. Also, different methods of measuring temperature and moisture were compared and attempts were made to determine the influence on efficiency of pH changes occurring during processing. In the new process, the traditional boiler-conditioner was replaced by an Anaerobic Pasteurizing Conditioning (APC) System. Microcidal efficiency of the APC System, by itself or in conjunction with a pellet mill, appeared to be 100% against Escherichia coli and nonlactose-fermenters, 99% against aerobic mesophiles, and 90% against fungi. These levels of efficiency were attained when the temperature and moisture of feed conditioned in the APC System for 4.6 +/- .5 min were 82.9 +/- 2.4 C and 14.9 +/- .3%, respectively. On-line temperature probes were reliable and provided quick, accurate estimates of feed temperature. The near infrared scanner and microwave oven methods of measuring moisture were much quicker but less accurate than the in vacuo method. There were no differences among the pH of samples of raw, conditioned, and pelleted feed.