Chromosomal abnormalities involving deletions and duplications are known to cause severe developmental disorders, including mental retardation, dysmorphism, and seizures, in children. As the technique of array-based comparative genomic hybridization is being applied more frequently in the diagnostic evaluation of children with developmental disorders, novel pathologic chromosomal abnormalities are being identified. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with a history of pervasive developmental disorder, growth delay, mild dysmorphic features, and intractable primary generalized epilepsy with a de novo microdeletion of approximately 0.73-0.94 Mb within chromosome 15q26.1. A much larger (5 Mb) but overlapping microdeletion has been previously reported in a 30-month-old child with similar phenotype including intractable myoclonic epilepsy, growth delay, and dysmorphic features. This leads us to propose that a potential candidate gene or genes within the deleted region involved in the pathogenesis of some forms of generalized intractable epilepsy, previously considered to be idiopathic.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2011|