Microglia-specific targeting by novel capsid-modified AAV6 vectors

Awilda M. Rosario, Pedro E. Cruz, Carolina Ceballos-Diaz, Michael R. Strickland, Zoe Siemienski, Meghan Pardo, Keri Lyn Schob, Andrew Li, George V. Aslanidi, Arun Srivastava, Todd E. Golde, Paramita Chakrabarty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAV) have been widely used in gene therapy applications for central nervous system diseases. Though rAAV can efficiently target neurons and astrocytes in mouse brains, microglia, the immune cells of the brain, are refractile to rAAV. To identify AAV capsids with microglia-specific transduction properties, we initially screened the most commonly used serotypes, AAV1–9 and rh10, on primary mouse microglia cultures. While these capsids were not permissive, we then tested the microglial targeting properties of a newly characterized set of modified rAAV6 capsid variants with high tropism for monocytes. Indeed, these newly characterized rAAV6 capsid variants, specially a triply mutated Y731F/Y705F/T492V form, carrying a self-complementary genome and microglia-specific promoters (F4/80 or CD68) could efficiently and selectively transduce microglia in vitro. Delivery of these constructs in mice brains resulted in microglia-specific expression of green fluorescent protein, albeit at modest levels. We further show that CD68 promoter–driven expression of the inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6, using this capsid variant leads to increased astrogliosis in the brains of wild-type mice. Our study describes the first instance of AAV-targeted microglial gene expression leading to functional modulation of the innate immune system in mice brains. This provides the rationale for utilizing these unique capsid/promoter combinations for microglia-specific gene targeting for modeling or functional studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16026
Number of pages1
JournalMolecular Therapy - Methods and Clinical Development
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Microglia-specific targeting by novel capsid-modified AAV6 vectors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this