Mitochondrial genome-maintaining activity of mouse mitochondrial transcription factor A and its transcript isoform in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Young Geol Yoon, Michael D. Koob, Young Hyun Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) binds to and organizes mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome into a mitochondrial nucleoid (mt-nucleoid) structure, which is necessary for mtDNA transcription and maintenance. Here, we demonstrate the mtDNA-organizing activity of mouse Tfam and its transcript isoform (Tfamiso), which has a smaller high-mobility group (HMG)-box1 domain, using a yeast model system that contains a deletion of the yeast homolog of mouse Tfam protein, Abf2p. When the mouse Tfam genes were introduced into the ABF2 locus of yeast genome, the corresponding mouse proteins, Tfam and Tfamiso, can functionally replace the yeast Abf2p and support mtDNA maintenance and mitochondrial biogenesis in yeast. Growth properties, mtDNA content and mitochondrial protein levels of genes encoded in the mtDNA were comparable in the strains expressing mouse proteins and the wild-type yeast strain, indicating that the proteins have robust mtDNA-maintaining and -expressing function in yeast mitochondria. These results imply that the mtDNA-organizing activities of the mouse mt-nucleoid proteins are structurally and evolutionary conserved, thus they can maintain the mtDNA of distantly related and distinctively different species, such as yeast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalGene
Volume484
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2011

Keywords

  • ABF2
  • Mitochondrial nucleoid
  • Mitochondrial transcription factor A
  • MtDNA
  • Tfam
  • Transcript isoform

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