Modeling biomass gasification using thermodynamic equilibrium approach

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In this paper, the thermodynamic equilibrium models for biomass gasification applicable to various gasifier types have been developed, with and without considering char. The equilibrium models were then modified closely matching the CH4 only or both CH4 and CO compositions from experimental data. It is shown that the modified model presented here based on thermodynamic equilibrium and taking into account local heat and mass considerations can be used to simulate the performance of a downdraft gasifier. The model can also be used to estimate the equilibrium composition of the syngas. Depending on the gasifier type and internal fluid flow, heat and mass transfer characteristics, with proper modification of the equilibrium model, a simple tool to simulate the operation and performance of varying types of biomass gasifier can be developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-25
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - May 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgment The University of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment (IREE) is gratefully acknowledged for its financial support.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Biomass
  • Chemical equilibrium
  • Downdraft gasifier
  • Gasification
  • Modeling
  • Syngas

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