Numerical simulations of filters with polydisperse fibers under chemically and physically unfavorable conditions were conducted to predict particle retentions on polypropylene fibrous filters. The fibrous filters were analyzed by a scanning electron microscopy to obtain fiber size distributions, and on the basis of a randomized algorithm, 2-D calculation domains were generated, and flow field calculations were conducted. For tracking particles, the standard Lagrangian tracking method in ANSYS Fluent software was modified by user-defined functions to incorporate particle deposition via interception and interaction energy calculations. Particle release from collector surfaces was considered by performing torque analysis for particles attached to the surfaces. Numerical retention efficiencies of fibrous filters showed very good agreement with experimental data without any free parameters or empirical correction factors. The parametric studies of polydisperse fibrous filters were conducted, and the retention efficiency was varied from 0 to 100% depending on chemical and physical conditions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3 M Corporation, A.O. Smith Company, Applied Materials, Inc., BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co., China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company, Inc., Entegris, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co., Ltd., LG Electronics Inc., Mott Corporation, MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co., Ltd., Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd., TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
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