Adenylate cyclase (ATP-pyrophosphate lyase (cyclizing); EC 188.8.131.52) in the human keratinocyte cell line SCC 12F was potentiated by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), phorbol-12,13-diacetate, and 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol. Keratinocytes exposed to TPA showed a 2-fold enhancement of adenylate cyclase activity when assayed in the presence of isoproterenol or GTP. The half-maximal effective concentration (EC50) for both isoproterenol and GTP were unaltered by TPA treatment of the cells. Basal adenylate cyclase activity in membranes from TPA-treated cultures was also increased 2-fold relative to activity in control membranes. Potentiation of adenylate cyclase activity was dependent on the concentration of TPA to which the keratinocytes were exposed (EC50 for TPA = 3 nM). TPA actions on adenylate cyclase were maximal after 15 min of incubation of the cells with the compound, correlating well with the time course of translocation of protein kinase C (Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent enzyme) from cytosol to membrane. The action of cholera toxin on adenylate cyclase was additive with TPA. In contrast, pertussis toxin actions on adenylate cyclase were not additive with TPA. Treatment of control cells with pertussis toxin activated adenylate cyclase 1.5-fold, whereas cells exposed to pertussis toxin for 6 h followed by TPA for 15 min showed the same 2-fold increase in adenylate cyclase activity as observed in membranes from cells exposed to TPA without prior exposure to pertussis toxin. Pertussis toxin catalyzed ADP-ribosylation was increased 2-fold in membranes from SCC 12F cells exposed to TPA, indicating an increase in the αβγ form of G(i). These data suggest that exposure of human keratinocytes to phorbol esters increases adenylate cyclase activity by a protein kinase C-mediated increase in the heterotrimeric αβγ form of G(i) resulting in decreased inhibition of basal adenylate cyclase activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1988|