p300/CBP-associating factor (PCAF) is a ligand-dependent coactivator, whereas receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140) is a ligand-dependent negative coregulator for retinoic acid (RA) receptor (RAR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR). To compare these molecular interactions and to determine the effect of RXR ligands, we focus on PCAF/RAR/RXR complex formation in this study for a comparison to RIP140/RAR/RXR complex formation. The LBD of RXR is identified as its primary PCAF-interacting motif. BIAcore studies determine the K d of RAR/RXR association with PCAF as 9.35 nM in the presence of RXR ligand AGN194204, and 47.2 nM in the absence of ligand. Cross-linking study demonstrates tri-molecular complex consisting of one RAR/RXR pair and one PCAF. In competition experiments, RIP140 strongly competes with PCAF for interaction with RAR/RXR both in vitro and in vivo. Chromatin immunoprecipitation demonstrates recruitment of RIP140 and PCAF to the endogenous RA-regulated gene, the RARβ2 promoter. This study presents kinetic evidence for competition of RIP140 with PCAF for ligand-dependent interactions with RAR/RXR, and provides kinetic explanation for the suppressive activity of RIP140 in RA-activated gene expression.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the PCAF cDNA from Dr. Y. Nakatani and the poly-cistronic bacterial vector from Dr. S. Tan. We also thank Dr. C. Pennell at U. Minn. for sharing the BIAcore facility. We thank Dr. RAS Chandraratna for providing the AGN compound. This work is supported by NIH DK54733, DK60521, K02 DA13926, DA11190 and DA11806 to LNW.
Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.