Monitoring, metacognition, and executive function. Elucidating the role of self-reflection in the development of self-regulation

Kristen E. Lyons, Philip David Zelazo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

While an abundance of research has investigated the development of the automatic and controlled processes through which individuals control their thoughts, emotions, and actions, less research has emphasized the role of the self in self-regulation. This chapter synthesizes four literatures that have examined the mechanisms through which the individual acts in a managerial role, evaluating the current status of the system and initiating regulatory actions as necessary. Taken together, these literatures (on executive function, error monitoring, metacognition, and uncertainty monitoring) suggest that self-reflection plays a critical role in self-regulation, and that developmental improvements in self-reflection (via increasing levels of conscious awareness and enhanced calibration of monitoring systems) may serve as driving forces underlying developmental improvement (and temperamental individual differences) in children's ability to control their thoughts and actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-412
Number of pages34
JournalAdvances in child development and behavior
Volume40
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Development
  • Executive function
  • Metacognition
  • Self-regulation

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