Mood, personality, and self-monitoring: Negative affect and emotionality in relation to frontal lobe mechanisms of error monitoring

Phan Luu, Paul Collins, Don M. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

430 Scopus citations

Abstract

A fundamental question in frontal lobe function is how motivational and emotional parameters of behavior apply to executive processes. Recent advances in mood and personality research and the technology and methodology of brain research provide opportunities to address this question empirically. Using event-related-potentials to track error monitoring in real time, the authors demonstrated that variability in the amplitude of the error-related negativity (ERN) is dependent on mood and personality variables. College students who are high on negative affect (NA) and negative emotionality (NEM) displayed larger ERN amplitudes early in the experiment than participants who are low on these dimensions. As the high-NA and -NEM participants disengaged from the task, the amplitude of the ERN decreased. These results reveal that affective distress and associated behavioral patterns are closely related with frontal lobe executive functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-60
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

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