Increased numbers of mast cells are noted at sites of wound healing and inflammation. These mast cells are either recruited from the bone marrow or proliferate locally under cytokine stimulation. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating initial adhesive interactions between mast cell precursors and vascular endothelial cells are not well understood. We have used a syngeneic dorsal skinfold chamber model of microcirculation to study early events of mast cell-endothelial cell interactions by intravital fluorescence microscopy. Because 'rolling' represents the earliest step of granulocyte adhesion under conditions of flow, our objective was to determine whether vascular selectins promote rolling of immature mouse bone marrow- derived mast cells (MBMMC) on endothelial cells lining murine blood vessels in vivo. In this study, titanium window chambers were implanted on the dorsal skinfolds of BALB/c mice. The passage of injected fluorescently labeled MBMMC within blood vessels of the striated skin muscle was observed by stroboscopic epi-illumination. As previously determined for other leukocytes, MBMMC were observed to roll in venules but not in arterioles or capillaries. Mice were also treated with neutralizing anti-E-selectin (mAb 9A9) and anti-P-selectin (mAb 5H1) antibodies and tested for their ability to block MBMMC rolling on venular endothelial cells. Intravenous administration of mAb 5H1 resulted in a marked decrease in MBMMC rolling, whereas mAb 9A9 and isotype matched control antibodies had no effect on the rolling flux of MBMMC. These studies represent the first identification of P-selectin as a rolling receptor for MBMMC, and demonstrate the use of a dorsal skinfold technique to study MBMMC- endothelial cell interactions under conditions of physiologic flow. Further studies will determine whether vascular selectins participate in the rolling and tissue recruitment of true circulating immature mast cell precursors in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Mar 1996|