MRI using 23Na

C. Mirkes, Zbýň, G. L. Chadzynski, S. Trattnig, K. Scheffler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Sodium magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide complementary information to proton MRI. However, small in vivo concentrations and the low NMR sensitivity of sodium require an adaptation of the acquisition techniques commonly used for proton MRI. In this article, the physical properties of the sodium nucleus are summarized and an overview of methods and applications of sodium MRI is given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780128032244
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • 7 T
  • 9.4 T
  • Cartilage imaging
  • Multinuclear imaging
  • Non-Cartesian imaging
  • Relaxation weighting
  • Sodium MRI
  • Sodium quantification
  • Triple-quantum filtering
  • Ultrahigh field
  • Ultrashort echo time
  • X-nuclei

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