BACKGROUNDANDPURPOSE: On the basis of the high 1-month stroke and/or death (14.7%) rates associated with stent placement in the Stenting versus Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Stenosis trial, modifications in patient selection and procedural aspects for intracranial stent placement have been recommended. We performed a multicenter prospective single-arm trial to determine whether such modifications would result in lower rates of periprocedural stroke and/or death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study enrolled patients with recent transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke (excluding perforator ischemic events) related to high-grade (70%-99% in severity) stenosis of a major intracranial artery. Patients were treated by using angioplasty and self-expanding stents 3 weeks after the index ischemic event at 1 of the 10 high-volume centers in China. An independent neurologist ascertained the occurrence of any stroke and/or death within 1 month after the procedure. RESULTS: A total of 100 consecutive patients were recruited. The target lesions were located in the middle cerebral artery (M1) (n=38, 38%), intracranial internal carotid artery (n=17, 17%), intradural vertebral artery (n=18, 18%), and basilar artery (n=27, 27%). The technical success rate of stent deployment with residual stenosis of 50% was 100%. The overall 1-month stroke and/or death rate was 2% (95% confidence interval, 0.2%-7.0%). Two ischemic strokes occurred in the pontine region (perforator distribution) in patients following angioplasty and stent placement for basilar artery stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this prospective multicenter study demonstrated that modifications in patient selection and procedural aspects can substantially reduce the 1-month stroke and/or death rate following intracranial stent placement.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China (2011BAI08B04) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81200910). This trial been registered and released in Clinical-Trials.gov with the ID NCT01763320.
- SAMMPRIS=Stenting versus Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Stenosis