Graphene's unique optoelectronic properties have been exploited for many photonic applications. Here, we demonstrate a single graphene-based device that simultaneously provides efficient optical modulation and photodetection. The graphene device is integrated on a silicon waveguide and is tunable with a graphene gate to achieve a near-infrared photodetection responsivity of 57 mA/W and modulation depth of 64% with GHz bandwidth. Simultaneous modulation of photocurrent and optical transmission has been achieved, which may lead to unprecedented optoelectronic applications.
- photonic integration