MULTIPLE OUTFLOWS in the GIANT ERUPTION of A MASSIVE STAR

Roberta M Humphreys, John C. Martin, Michael S. Gordon, Terry J Jones

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The supernova impostor PSN J09132750+7627410 in NGC 2748 reached a maximum luminosity of ≈-14 mag. It was quickly realized that it was not a true supernova, but another example of a nonterminal giant eruption. PSN J09132750+7627410 is distinguished by multiple P Cygni absorption minima in the Balmer emission lines that correspond to outflow velocities of -400, -1100, and -1600 km s-1. Multiple outflows have been observed in only a few other objects. In this paper we describe the evolution of the spectrum and the P Cygni profiles for 3 months past maximum, the post-maximum formation of a cool, dense wind, and the identification of a possible progenitor. One of the possible progenitors is an infrared source. Its pre-eruption spectral energy distribution suggests a bolometric luminosity of -8.3 mag and a dust temperature of 780 K. If it is the progenitor, it is above the AGB limit, unlike the intermediate-luminosity red transients. The three P Cygni profiles could be due to ejecta from the current eruption, the wind of the progenitor, or previous mass-loss events. We suggest that they were all formed as part of the same high-mass-loss event and are due to material ejected at different velocities or energies. We also suggest that multiple outflows during giant eruptions may be more common than reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number191
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume826
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research by R.M.H. and M.S.G. on massive stars is supported by the National Science Foundation AST-1109394. J.C.M.'s collaborative work on luminous variables is supported by the National Science Foundation grant AST-1108890. Some of the data presented in this paper were obtained from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5- 26555. We also used data from the Pan-STARRS Survey for Transients. Operation of the Pan-STARRS1 telescope is supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under grant No. NNX12AR65G and grant No. NNX14AM74G issued through the NEO Observation Program.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • stars: massive
  • stars: winds, outflows
  • supernovae: individual (PSN J09132750+7627410)

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