Muon spin relaxation study of superconducting Bi2 Sr2-x Lax Cu O6+δ

P. L. Russo, C. R. Wiebe, Y. J. Uemura, A. T. Savici, G. J. MacDougall, J. Rodriguez, G. M. Luke, N. Kaneko, H. Eisaki, M. Greven, O. P. Vajk, S. Ono, Yoichi Ando, K. Fujita, K. M. Kojima, S. Uchida

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Abstract

We have performed transverse-field (TF) and zero-field (ZF) μSR measurements of Bi2 Sr2-x Lax Cu O6+δ (Bi2201) systems with x=0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 1.0, using ceramic specimens with modest c -axis alignment and single-crystal specimens. The absence of static magnetic order has been confirmed in underdoped (x=0.6) and optimally doped (x=0.4) systems at T=2 K, while only a very weak signature towards static magnetism has been found at T=2 K in the x=1.0 system, which is a lightly hole-doped nonsuperconducting insulator. In the superconducting (x=0.6, 0.4, and 0.2) systems, the relaxation rate σ in TF- μSR, proportional to ns m* (superconducting carrier density and effective mass), followed a general trend found in other cuprate systems in a plot of Tc vs ns m* (T→0). Assuming the in-plane effective mass m* for Bi2201 to be comparable to three to four times the bare electron mass me as found in La2-x Srx Cu O4 (LSCO) and YBa2 Cu3 O7-δ (YBCO) systems, we obtain ns ∼0.15-0.2 per Cu for the x=0.4 Bi2201 system. This carrier density is much smaller than the Hall number nHall ∼10 per Cu obtained at T<1.6 K in high magnetic fields (40-60 T) along the c axis applied to suppress superconductivity. The present results of the superfluid density (ns m*) in Bi2201 are compared with those from other cuprate systems, including YBCO systems with very much reduced Tc <20 K studied by microwave, Hc1, and inductance methods. Additional muon-spin-relaxation (μSR) measurements have been performed on a single-crystal specimen of Bi2201 (x=0.4) in a high transverse magnetic field of 5 T parallel to the c axis, in order to search for the field-induced muon spin relaxation recently found in LSCO and some other high-temperature superconducting cuprate (HTSC) systems well above Tc. The nearly temperature-independent and very small relaxation rate observed in Bi2201 above Tc rules out a hypothesis that the field-induced relaxation is directly proportional to the magnitude of the Nernst coefficient, which is a measure of the strength of dynamic superconductivity. We also describe a procedure for angular averaging of σ in μSR measurements using ceramic specimens with modest alignment of c -axis orientations, together with the neutron-scattering results obtained for determining the orientation distribution of microcrystallites in the present ceramic specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054511
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2007

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