The authors investigated the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid over 1 year in 8 Caucasian women undergoing islet cell transplantation. Total mycophenolic acid AUC0-12 mcg•h/mL before day 60 was 62.1-67.8, declining to 33.6-64.7 thereafter (P = .61). Median total trough concentrations were 1.16-2.90 mcg/mL. Unbound AUC0-12 was 412-673 ng•h/mL and did not change over time (P = .30). Median percent unbound mycophenolic acid was 0.95% of total concentrations. Individual unbound and total mycophenolic acid concentrations were highly correlated (r2 = 0.94). Total mycophenolic acid trough concentration and total AUC0-12 were modestly correlated (r2 = 0.65). Intra- and interpatient variability of systemic mycophenolic acid exposure was high. Six patients required dose reductions prior to day 60 due to adverse effects. All subjects achieved insulin independence; 3 later lost graft function. The trend toward higher exposure in the early periods followed by dose reductions suggests that lower initial doses and therapeutic drug monitoring may be necessary.
- Mycophenolate mofetil
- Mycophenolic acid
- Mycophenolic acid glucuronide