Objective Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is common, but its response to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood. This study tested the utility of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the stratification of MR response to PCI. Methods MPI and transthoracic echocardiography (echo) were performed among patients undergoing PCI. MPI was used to assess stress/rest myocardial perfusion. MR was assessed via echo (performed before and after PCI). Results A total of 317 patients with abnormal myocardial perfusion on MPI underwent echo 25 ± 39 days before PCI. MR was present in 52%, among whom 24% had advanced (≥moderate) MR. MR was found to be associated with left ventricular (LV) chamber dilation on MPI and echo (both P<0.001). The magnitude of global LV perfusion deficits increased in relation to MR severity (P<0.01). Perfusion differences were greatest for global summed rest scores, which were 1.6-fold higher among patients with advanced MR versus those with mild MR (P=0.004), and 2.4-fold higher versus those without MR (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, advanced MR was found to be associated with a fixed perfusion defect size on MPI [odds ratio 1.16 per segment (confidence interval 1.002-1.34), P=0.046], independent of LV volume [odds ratio 1.10 per 10 ml (confidence interval 1.04-1.17), P=0.002]. Follow-up via echo (1.0± 0.6 years) demonstrated MR to decrease (≥1 grade) in 31% of patients and increase in 12% of patients. Patients with increased MR after PCI had more severe inferior perfusion defects on baseline MPI (P=0.028), whereas defects in other distributions and LV volumes were similar (P=NS). Conclusion The extent and distribution of single-photon emission computed tomography-evidenced myocardial perfusion defects impact MR response to revascularization. An increased magnitude of inferior fixed perfusion defects predicts post-PCI progression of MR.
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- Mitral regurgitation
- Myocardial perfusion
- Single-photon emission computed tomography