Naltrexone infusion inhibits the development of preference for a high-sucrose diet

Allen S Levine, Martha K. Grace, James P. Cleary, Charles J Billington

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesized that the opioid antagonist naltrexone would inhibit the redevelopment of a preference for a high-sucrose diet after an abstention period from this diet. Rats that chose between a starch or sucrose diet for 10 days preferred the sucrose diet. Rats were then given access to the starch diet alone for another 10-day period. A miniosmotic pump containing saline or naltrexone was then implanted (70 μg/h; 1.7 mg/day) for ∼10 days. During the saline infusion, 77% of the total energy came from the sucrose diet, whereas during the naltrexone infusion, 33% of the total energy came from the sucrose diet. We repeated this study in another group of rats but did not restrict the sucrose diet. In this case naltrexone failed to decrease preference for the sucrose diet. Thus naltrexone infusion inhibited redevelopment of a preference for a sucrose diet after a period of restriction to a starch diet for 10 days but had no effect on preference if both diets were present throughout the study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1149-R1154
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume283
Issue number5 52-5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Keywords

  • Food intake
  • Learning
  • Opioids
  • Reward
  • Satiety

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