The Na+ pump, Na+-K+-ATPase, along with the Na+ channel is essential for the removal of alveolar solute and fluid perinatally. Because Na+-pump mRNA and activity increase before birth and maternal glucocorticoids (GCs) influence Na+-K+-ATPase mRNA expression in fetal rat lung, we hypothesized that GCs increased Na+-K+-ATPase gene expression in a fetal lung epithelial cell line. After 24 h of exposure, dexamethasone increased the steady-state levels of Na+-K+-ATPase α1 and β1 mRNA in a fetal rat lung epithelial cell line in a dose-dependent fashion (10-7 to 10-5 M). The maximal increase in mRNA levels was 3.8-fold for α1 and 2.8-fold for β1. The increase in mRNA was detected as early as 6 h for the β1-subunit and 18 h for the α1-subunit, and both peaked at 24 h. This gene upregulation was not due to increased mRNA stability based on mRNA half-life determination after actinomycin D inhibition. Transfection experiments with α1 and β1 promoter-reporter constructs demonstrated 3.2 ± 0.5- and 2.6 ± 0.4-fold increases, respectively, in promoter activity, consistent with transcriptional activation of the promoter-reporter construct. These findings, increased promoter activity with no change in stability, indicate that GCs increased Na+-K+-ATPase transcription in a fetal lung epithelial cell line.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|Issue number||1 21-1|
|State||Published - Jul 1999|
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