Neural probes for concurrent detection of neurochemical and electrophysiological signals in vivo

M. D. Johnson, R. K. Franklin, K. A. Scott, R. B. Brown, D. R. Kipke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrochemical sensing with microelectrode arrays provides a means for monitoring neurotransmitter dynamics across multiple locations within a micro-scale region of brain tissue. Here we present a multi-modal neural probe design for concurrent recording of neurochemical and electro-physiological signals in vivo. Prior to implantation, platinum sites on each array underwent platinum-black electroplating and Nafion electropolymerization, which increased sensitivity to dopamine by 74% and decreased sensitivity to common interferents by at least 89%. In a series of three rats, we applied various electrochemical waveforms to platinum sites and monitored neural activity on adjacent iridium sites. We found that chronoamperometry and constant-potential amperometry did not alter firing rates at +0.25, +0.50, and +0.75 V. In addition, we have demonstrated multi-modal recordings of striatal neurons in response to medial forebrain bundle stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
Pages7325-7328
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Sep 1 2005Sep 4 2005

Publication series

NameAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Volume7 VOLS
ISSN (Print)0589-1019

Other

Other2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period9/1/059/4/05

Keywords

  • Chemical sensing
  • Dopamine
  • Microelectrodes
  • Neural probe
  • Neural recordings

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