Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
JH thanks the Aga Khan Foundation and the Kenyatta National Hospital for supporting his training. KL is supported by a clinical research training fellowship (#84500-2002) from the AAN foundation. FCS-L thanks Prof Maurice Vincent, head of neurology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. FC thanks Maria Sessa for reviewing the text.
There are about 2500 neurologists in Italy, most of whom work for governmental institutions including public hospitals and universities. Specialist training in neurology involves a 5-year period of training sponsored by grants from government institutions, generally the Ministry of University (for EU citizens). In the past decade the Italian National Society of Neurology has created a junior section for young neurologists without permanent positions, with the aim of improving the trainee status and promoting exchange of experiences. Prizes from private sponsors for the best qualification thesis are also available to members.