Nickel particle-based self-sensing pavement for vehicle detection

Baoguo Han, Kun Zhang, Xun Yu, Eil Kwon, Jinping Ou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


In this paper, a new self-sensing pavement for vehicle detection is designed. Smart nickel particle filled cement-based sensors with high sensitivity are used as vehicle detector. The sensor array is embedded into a concrete pavement to form the self-sensing pavement. The vehicle detection capability of this pavement is investigated in outdoor road tests. Experimental results show that the proposed self-sensing pavement can accurately detect the passing vehicles. This finding indicates that the self-sensing pavement embedded with smart cement-based sensors has a great potential for traffic detection and monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1645-1650
Number of pages6
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the funding supported from the US National Science Foundation (CMMI-0856477), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) of US Department of Transportation (DTFH61-10-C-00011), the Northland Advanced Transportation Systems Research Laboratory (NATSRL) of the University of Minnesota Duluth, and ITS of the University of Minnesota. This work is also partially supported by National Science Foundation of China ( Grant Nos. 50538020, 50525823 and 50808055 ), the Ministry of Science and Technology of China ( Grant No. 2006BAJ03B05 ) and Heilongjiang Province Science Foundation for Youth s ( Grant No. QC2009C10 ).


  • Cement-based sensors
  • Self-sensing pavement
  • Sensing capability
  • Vehicle detection

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