There is evidence for a role of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) in intracellular Ca2+ regulation in smooth muscle. cADPR is synthesized and degraded by ADP-ribosyl cyclase and cADPR hydrolase, respectively, by a bifunctional protein, CD38. Nitric oxide (NO) inhibits intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in airway smooth muscle. The present study was designed to determine whether this inhibition is due to regulation of ADP-ribosyl cyclase and/or cADPR hydrolase activity. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, NO donors, produced a concentration-dependent decrease in ADP-ribosyl cyclase, but not cADPR hydrolase, activity. The NO scavenger carboxy-PTIO prevented and reversed, and reduced glutathione prevented, the inhibition of ADP-ribosyl cyclase by SNP, suggesting S-nitrosylation by NO as a mechanism. N-ethylmaleimide, which covalently modifies protein sulfhydryl groups, making them incapable of nitrosylation, produced a marked inhibition of ADP-ribosyl cyclase, but not cADPR hydrolase, activity. SNP and N-ethylmaleimide significantly inhibited the ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity in recombinant human CD38 without affecting the cADPR hydrolase activity. These results provide a novel mechanism for differential regulation of CD38 by NO through a cGMP-independent pathway involving S-nitrosylation of thiols.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|Issue number||5 27-5|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2002|
- Intracellular calcium
- Tracheal smooth muscle