Non-linear relationships between built environment characteristics and electric-bike ownership in Zhongshan, China

Chuan Ding, Xinyu Cao, Meixuan Dong, Yi Zhang, Jiawen Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although electric bikes (e-bikes) proliferate in China and other developing countries, few studies examine the association between the built environment and e-bike ownership. Moreover, the association is often assumed linear in variables. This study adopts a semi-parametric model to relax the linearity assumption and explores the complex relationships between built environment variables and e-bike ownership in Zhongshan, China. We found that almost all built environment characteristics have non-linear associations with e-bike ownership and the non-linear patterns vary by variable. Within certain thresholds, distance to transit, employment density, and land use mix are positively associated with e-bike ownership whereas residential density has a negative association. Furthermore, distance to city center shows an inverse V relationship with e-bike ownership. We recommended planners to deliberate land use and transportation policies to promote e-bike growth, but not facilitate reliance on cars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-296
Number of pages11
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 71874010 , 61773040 ), and Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by the China Association for Science and Technology ( 2017QNRC001 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Alternative fuel vehicle
  • Land use
  • Medium city
  • Threshold effect
  • Travel

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