Soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, has caused serious economic damage to soybean across the North Central US since its introduction to North America in 2000. The management of another invasive soybean pest, Asian soybean rust, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, using foliar fungicide applications has the potential to impact soybean aphid populations by suppressing beneficial fungal entomopathogens. In 2005 and 2006, we applied recommended soybean rust fungicide treatments, consisting of strobilurin and triazole fungicides, to small soybean plots in two locations to assess if such applications might suppress aphid fungal epizootics. In Lamberton, MN, in 2005, during the epizootic, fungicide-treated plots averaged 2.0 ± 0.7% (mean ± SE) disease prevalence while untreated plots averaged 14.2 ± 5.6%. In 2007, we applied strobilurin and strobilurin-triazole mix fungicides to single-plant microplots either before or after release of Pandora neoaphidis, the most commonly observed aphid pathogen in 2005 and 2006. Treatments that contained a mixture of two active ingredients significantly lowered peak and cumulative aphid disease prevalence in both early and late reproductive stage soybeans indicating that fungicide mixtures used to manage soybean rust can negatively impact an aphid-specific fungal pathogen. However, no consistent soybean aphid population response was observed in these studies of low levels of aphid fungal infection.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the USDA Organic Transition Grant for Soybean Aphid Suppression, the Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council, and the North Central Soybean Research Program for funding this research. We thank J. Ewert, C. Johnson, R. Mendenhall, J. Town, K. Siitari, T. Smith, and V. Verma (University of Minnesota) for help with data collection. We thank Dr. A. Costamagna, Dr. T.J. Kurtti, and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on earlier drafts.
- Aphis glycines
- Biological control
- Glycine max
- Pandora neoaphidis
- Phakopsora pachyrhizi