Max Engelstein, Dana Mendelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider wave maps from R2+1 to a C-smooth Riemannian manifold, N. Such maps can exhibit energy concentration, and at points of concentration, it is known that the map (suitably rescaled and translated) converges weakly to a harmonic map, known as a bubble. We give an example of a wave map which exhibits a type of non-uniqueness of bubbling. In particular, we exhibit a continuum of different bubbles at the origin, each of which arise as the weak limit along a different sequence of times approaching the blow-up time. This is the first known example of non-uniqueness of bubbling for dispersive equations. Our construction is inspired by the work of Peter Topping [Top04b], who demonstrated a similar phenomena can occur in the setting of harmonic map heat flow, and our mechanism of non-uniqueness is the same’winding’ behavior exhibited in that work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - May 28 2020

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