Normal personality traits, rumination and stress generation among early adolescent girls

Catherine B. Stroud, Effua E. Sosoo, Sylia Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined associations between personality and stress generation. Expanding upon prior work, we examined (a) the role of Positive Emotionality (PE), Negative Emotionality (NE), and Constraint (CON), and their lower-order facets, as predictors of acute and chronic interpersonal stress generation; (b) whether personality moderated effects of rumination on stress generation; and (c) whether personality increased exposure to independent (uncontrollable) stress. These questions were examined in a one-year study of 126 adolescent girls (M age = 12.39 years) using contextual stress interviews. NE predicted increases in acute and chronic interpersonal stress generation, but not independent stress. NE, CON and affiliative PE each moderated the effect of rumination on chronic interpersonal stress generation. These effects were driven by particular lower-order traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by institutional funds from Williams College. A portion of this research was presented at the 2014 annual convention of the Association for Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies, Philadelphia, PA.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Constraint
  • Negative emotionality
  • Personality
  • Positive emotionality
  • Rumination
  • Stress generation

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