Effective coolant schemes are required for providing cooling to the first-stage stator vanes of gas turbines. To correctly predict coolant performance on the endwall and vane surfaces, these coolant schemes should also consider the effects of coolant streams introduced upstream in the combustor section of a gas turbine engine. This two-part paper presents measurements taken on a first-stage nozzle guide vane cascade that includes combustor coolant injection. The first part of this paper explains how coolant transport and coolant-mainstream interaction in the vane passage is affected by changing the combustor coolant and endwall film coolant flowrates. This paper explains how those flows affect the coolant effectiveness on the endwall and vane surfaces. Part one showed that a significant amount of coolant injected upstream of the endwall is present along the pressure surface of the vanes as well as over the endwall. Part two shows effectiveness measurement results taken in this study on the endwall and pressure and suction surfaces of the vanes. Sustained endwall coolant effectiveness is observed along the whole passage for all cases. It is uniform in the pitch-wise direction. Combustor coolant flow significantly affects cooling performance even near the trailing edge. The modified flowfield results in the pressure surface being cooled more effectively than the suction surface. While the effectiveness distribution on the pressure surface varies with combustor and film coolant flowrates, the distribution along the suction surface remains largely unchanged.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for the study was provided by Solar Turbines Incorporated.
Copyright © 2021 by ASME.
- Endwall cooling
- Impingement vortex
- Secondary flows
- Vane surface cooling