The health problems of youth have dramatically shifted in the last 30 years from biological to social causes of morbidity and mortality. To assess the adequacy of nurses' knowledge and skills in adolescent health, a national survey of 445 nurses, including members of the American Public Health Association, the American School Health Association, and the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners, was undertaken in 1985. Results indicated that even among nurses who work with young people the most, areas of greatest knowledge and skill deficiencies included common social morbidities of adolescents. In addition to self-assessed inadequacies in knowledge and skills, nurses identified excessive time demands as a primary obstacle to the provision of health services to adolescents. To assure adequate preparation of nurses, it is recommended that accreditation criteria for baccalaureate and graduate programs specify essential adolescent health content for curricula compared to current accreditation criteria that generalizes "across the life span." Focusing on the enhancement of educational opportunities in adolescent health, nurses identified strategies for further education that would bridge the gap between the health needs of youth and nurse's self-perceived competencies in providing these services.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
*Director of Training, Adolescent Health Program, Department of Pediatrics, and Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. j’Director of Training, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH. *Deputy Chief of the Child and Adolescent Health Branch, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Washington, DC. ZProfessor and Director, Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Supported in part by Grants No. MCJ-000985 and MCJ-009069 from the Maternal Child Health Bureau (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, Department of Health and Human Services. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr Bearinger: Adolescent Health Program, University of Minnesota, Box 721 UMHC, Harvard St at E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Copyright 0 1992 by W.B. Saunders Company 8755-7223/92/0802-0006$03.00/0
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- Adolescent health
- Nursing accreditation
- Nursing education