Observability analysis of a vision-aided inertial navigation system using planar features on the ground

Ghazaleh Panahandeh, Chao X. Guo, Magnus Jansson, Stergios I. Roumeliotis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we present an observability analysis of a vision-aided inertial navigation system (VINS) in which the camera is downward looking and observes a single point feature on the ground. In our analysis, the full INS parameter vector (including position, velocity, rotation, and inertial sensor biases) as well as the 3D position of the observed point feature are considered as state variables. In particular, we prove that the system has only three unobservable directions corresponding to global translations along the x and y axes, and rotations around the gravity vector. Hence, compared to general VINS, an advantage of using only ground features is that the vertical translation becomes observable. The findings of the theoretical analysis are validated through real-world experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIROS 2013
Subtitle of host publicationNew Horizon, Conference Digest - 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Pages4187-4194
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Event2013 26th IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: New Horizon, IROS 2013 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: Nov 3 2013Nov 8 2013

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
ISSN (Print)2153-0858
ISSN (Electronic)2153-0866

Other

Other2013 26th IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: New Horizon, IROS 2013
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period11/3/1311/8/13

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