Using a data sample of 4.48×108 ψ(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, we present a first observation of ψ(3686)→pp φ, and we measure its branching fraction to be [6.06±0.38(stat)±0.48(syst)]×10-6. In contrast to the earlier discovery of a threshold enhancement in the pp-mass spectrum of the channel J/ψ→γpp, denoted as X(pp), we do not find a similar enhancement in ψ(3686)→ppφ. An upper limit of 1.82×10-7 at the 90% confidence level on the branching fraction of ψ(3686)→X(pp)φ→ppφ is obtained.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The BESIII Collaboration thanks the staff of BEPCII and the IHEP computing center for their strong support. This work is supported in part by National Key Basic Research Program of China under Contract No. 2015CB856700; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Contracts No. 11335008, No. 11425524, No. 11625523, No. 11635010, No. 11735014, No. 11565006; the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Large-Scale Scientific Facility Program; the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics (CCEPP); Joint Large-Scale Scientific Facility Funds of the NSFC and CAS under Contracts No. U1332201, No. U1532257, No. U1532258, No. U1732263; CAS Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences under Contracts No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH003, No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH040; 100 Talents Program of CAS; INPAC and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology; German Research Foundation DFG under Contract No. Collaborative Research Center CRC 1044; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy; Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW) under Contract No. 530-4CDP03; Ministry of Development of Turkey under Contract No. DPT2006K-120470; National Science and Technology fund; The Swedish Research Council; U.S. Department of Energy under Contracts No. DE-FG02-05ER41374, No. DE-SC-0010118, No. DE-SC-0012069; University of Groningen (RuG) and the Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH (GSI), Darmstadt.