Observation of diffractively produced W and Z bosons in p̄p collisions at √s = 1800 GeV

V. M. Abazov, B. Abbott, A. Abdesselam, M. Abolins, V. Abramov, B. S. Acharya, D. L. Adams, M. Adams, S. N. Ahmed, G. D. Alexeev, A. Alton, G. A. Alves, E. W. Anderson, Y. Arnoud, C. Avila, V. V. Babintsev, L. Babukhadia, T. C. Bacon, A. Baden, S. BaffioniB. Baldin, P. W. Balm, S. Banerjee, E. Barberis, P. Baringer, J. Barreto, J. F. Bartlett, U. Bassler, D. Bauer, A. Bean, F. Beaudette, M. Begel, A. Belyaev, S. B. Beri, G. Bernardi, I. Bertram, A. Besson, R. Beuselinck, V. A. Bezzubov, P. C. Bhat, V. Bhatnagar, M. Bhattacharjee, G. Blazey, F. Blekman, S. Blessing, A. Boehnlein, N. I. Bojko, T. A. Bolton, F. Borcherding, K. Bos, T. Bose, A. Brandt, G. Briskin, R. Brock, G. Brooijmans, A. Bross, D. Buchholz, M. Buehler, V. Buescher, V. S. Burtovoi, J. M. Butler, F. Canelli, W. Carvalho, D. Casey, H. Castilla-Valdez, D. Chakraborty, K. M. Chan, S. V. Chekulaev, D. K. Cho, S. Choi, S. Chopra, D. Claes, A. R. Clark, L. Coney, B. Connolly, W. E. Cooper, D. Coppage, S. Crépé-Renaudin, M. A C Cummings, D. Cutts, H. da Motta, G. A. Davis, K. De, S. J. de Jong, M. Demarteau, R. Demina, P. Demine, D. Denisov, S. P. Denisov, S. Desai, H. T. Diehl, M. Diesburg, S. Doulas, L. V. Dudko, S. Duensing, L. Duflot, S. R. Dugad, A. Duperrin, A. Dyshkant, D. Edmunds, J. Ellison, J. T. Eltzroth, V. D. Elvira, R. Engelmann, S. Eno, G. Eppley, P. Ermolov, O. V. Eroshin, J. Estrada, H. Evans, V. N. Evdokimov, D. Fein, T. Ferbel, F. Filthaut, H. E. Fisk, F. Fleuret, M. Fortner, H. Fox, S. Fu, S. Fuess, E. Gallas, A. N. Galyaev, M. Gao, V. Gavrilov, R. J. Genik, K. Genser, C. E. Gerber, Y. Gershtein, G. Ginther, B. Gómez, P. I. Goncharov, H. Gordon, K. Gounder, A. Goussiou, N. Graf, P. D. Grannis, J. A. Green, H. Greenlee, Z. D. Greenwood, S. Grinstein, L. Groer, S. Grünendahl, S. N. Gurzhiev, G. Gutierrez, P. Gutierrez, N. J. Hadley, H. Haggerty, S. Hagopian, V. Hagopian, R. E. Hall, C. Han, S. Hansen, J. M. Hauptman, C. Hebert, D. Hedin, J. M. Heinmiller, A. P. Heinson, U. Heintz, M. D. Hildreth, R. Hirosky, J. D. Hobbs, B. Hoeneisen, J. Huang, Y. Huang, I. Iashvili, R. Illingworth, A. S. Ito, M. Jaffré, S. Jain, R. Jesik, K. Johns, M. Johnson, A. Jonckheere, H. Jöstlein, A. Juste, W. Kahl, S. Kahn, E. Kajfasz, A. M. Kalinin, D. Karmanov, D. Karmgard, R. Kehoe, A. Khanov, A. Kharchilava, B. Klima, J. M. Kohli, A. V. Kostritskiy, J. Kotcher, B. Kothari, A. V. Kozelov, E. A. Kozlovsky, J. Krane, M. R. Krishnaswamy, P. Krivkova, S. Krzywdzinski, M. Kubantsev, S. Kuleshov, Y. Kulik, S. Kunori, A. Kupco, V. E. Kuznetsov, G. Landsberg, W. M. Lee, A. Leflat, F. Lehner, C. Leonidopoulos, J. Li, Q. Z. Li, J. G R Lima, D. Lincoln, S. L. Linn, J. Linnemann, R. Lipton, A. Lucotte, L. Lueking, C. Lundstedt, C. Luo, A. K A Maciel, R. J. Madaras, V. L. Malyshev, V. Manankov, H. S. Mao, T. Marshall, M. I. Martin, K. Mauritz, A. A. Mayorov, R. McCarthy, T. McMahon, H. L. Melanson, M. Merkin, K. W. Merritt, C. Miao, H. Miettinen, D. Mihalcea, N. Mokhov, N. K. Mondal, H. E. Montgomery, R. W. Moore, Y. D. Mutaf, E. Nagy, F. Nang, M. Narain, V. S. Narasimham, N. A. Naumann, H. A. Neal, J. P. Negret, A. Nomerotski, T. Nunnemann, D. O'Neil, V. Oguri, B. Olivier, N. Oshima, P. Padley, K. Papageorgiou, N. Parashar, R. Partridge, N. Parua, A. Patwa, O. Peters, P. Pétroff, R. Piegaia, B. G. Pope, H. B. Prosper, S. Protopopescu, M. B. Przybycien, J. Qian, R. Raja, S. Rajagopalan, P. A. Rapidis, N. W. Reay, S. Reucroft, M. Ridel, M. Rijssenbeek, F. Rizatdinova, T. Rockwell, C. Royon, P. Rubinov, R. Ruchti, B. M. Sabirov, G. Sajot, A. Santoro, L. Sawyer, R. D. Schamberger, H. Schellman, A. Schwartzman, E. Shabalina, R. K. Shivpuri, D. Shpakov, M. Shupe, R. A. Sidwell, V. Simak, V. Sirotenko, P. Slattery, R. P. Smith, G. R. Snow, J. Snow, S. Snyder, J. Solomon, Y. Song, V. Sorín, M. Sosebee, N. Sotnikova, K. Soustruznik, M. Souza, N. R. Stanton, G. Steinbrück, D. Stoker, V. Stolin, A. Stone, D. A. Stoyanova, M. A. Strang, M. Strauss, M. Strovink, L. Stutte, A. Sznajder, M. Talby, W. Taylor, S. Tentindo-Repond, S. M. Tripathi, T. G. Trippe, A. S. Turcot, P. M. Tuts, R. Van Kooten, V. Vaniev, N. Varelas, F. Villeneuve-Seguier, A. A. Volkov, A. P. Vorobiev, H. D. Wahl, Z. M. Wang, J. Warchol, G. Watts, M. Wayne, H. Weerts, A. White, D. Whiteson, D. A. Wijngaarden, S. Willis, S. J. Wimpenny, J. Womersley, D. R. Wood, Q. Xu, R. Yamada, P. Yamin, T. Yasuda, Y. A. Yatsunenko, K. Yip, J. Yu, M. Zanabria, X. Zhang, H. Zheng, B. Zhou, Z. Zhou, M. Zielinski, D. Zieminska, A. Zieminski, V. Zutshi, E. G. Zverev, A. Zylberstejn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Using the DØ detector, we have observed events produced in p̄p collisions that contain W or Z bosons in conjunction with very little energy deposition ("rapidity gaps") in large forward regions of the detector. The fraction of W boson events with a rapidity gap (a signature for diffraction) is 0.89±0.170.19%, and the probability that the non-diffractive background fluctuated to yield the observed diffractive signal is 3 × 10-14, corresponding to a significance of 7.5σ. The Z boson sample has a gap fraction of 1.44±0.520.61% with a significance of 4.4σ. The diffractive events have very similar properties to the more common non-diffractive component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-179
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume574
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the staffs at Fermilab and collaborating institutions, and acknowledge support from the Department of Energy and National Science Foundation (USA), Commissariat à L'Energie Atomique and CNRS/Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France), Ministry for Science and Technology and Ministry for Atomic Energy (Russia), CAPES, CNPq and FAPERJ (Brazil), Departments of Atomic Energy and Science and Education (India), Colciencias (Colombia), CONACyT (Mexico), Ministry of Education and KOSEF (Korea), CONICET and UBACyT (Argentina), The Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (The Netherlands), PPARC (United Kingdom), Ministry of Education (Czech Republic), A.P. Sloan Foundation, and the Research Corporation.

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